Traffic Flow Dynamics

Data, Models and Simulation

by Martin Treiber and Arne Kesting

First comprehensive textbook of the fascinating topic of traffic dynamics. The book discusses empirical phenomena, stop-and-go waves, models for the driving behavior, and stability analysis, in a way that it is easily accessible to engineering, physics and math students.

Traffic Flow Dynamics Book

About the Book

This textbook provides a comprehensive and instructive coverage of vehicular traffic flow dynamics and modeling. It makes this interdisciplinary topic, which to date was only documented in parts by specialized monographs, accessible to a broad readership. Numerous figures and problems with solutions help the reader to quickly understand and practice the presented concepts.

This book is targeted at students of physics and traffic engineering and, more generally, also at students and professionals in computer science, mathematics, and interdisciplinary topics. It also offers material for project work in programming and simulation at college and university level.

The main part, after presenting different categories of traffic data, is devoted to a mathematical description of the dynamics of traffic flow, covering macroscopic models which describe traffic in terms of density, as well as microscopic many-particle models in which each particle corresponds to a vehicle and its driver. Focus chapters on traffic instabilities and model calibration/validation present these topics in a novel and systematic way. Finally, the theoretical framework is shown at work in selected applications such as traffic-state and travel-time estimation, intelligent transportation systems, traffic operations management, and a detailed physics-based model for fuel consumption and emissions.

ISBN 978-3-642-32460-4 · 2013, 503 pages, 194 illustrations, 54 in color.

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Free Sample Chapters and Errata

Sample Chapters: Take a look at the Table of Contens and two free sample chapters in pdf format. The Chapter 11 describing Car-Following Models Based on Driving Strategies is a good starting point to learn about microscopic traffic models, particularly the Intelligent Driver Model (IDM) and some enhancements.

Table of Contents (PDF) Chapter 2 (PDF) Chapter 11 (PDF)

Errata: We keep the list of errors up-to-date here – feedback is appreciated, see below for our email addresses.

Errata (PDF)

Book Reviews

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The Authors

Martin Treiber received his Diploma and his Doctoral (Ph.D.) degree in Physics from Universität Bayreuth, Germany. He is lecturer at the Chair for Traffic Modeling and Econometrics at Technische Universität Dresden, Germany. His research interests include vehicular traffic dynamics and modeling, traffic data analysis and state estimation, and the study of macroeconomic impacts of motorized individual traffic.

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Arne Kesting received the Diploma degree in Physics from Freie Universität Berlin, Germany, and the Doctoral (Ph.D.) degree from Technische Universität Dresden, Germany, in 2002 and 2008, respectively. In 2009, he received the IEEE ITS Best Ph.D. Dissertation Award for the thesis entitled Microscopic Modeling of Human and Automated Driving: Towards Traffic-Adaptive Cruise Control. He is now with TomTom working as expert software engineer in Berlin.

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Traffic Simulation and Data

The open-source simulator is written in Java and implements various car-following models. MovSim is providing reference implementations for the models described in this textbook as well as some simulation scenarios. The source-code is available on Github.

The open-source simulator is written in JavaScript and demonstrates the principles of traffic flow dynamics in different scenarios. Parameters can be varied interactively in order to experience their effects. Check out the video on YouTube or the summary documentation for more information – or try it out directly.

traffic-states website

Gallery of Traffic States

The website illustrates the rich dynamics in space and time of traffic flow by means of empirical data. The website offers a searchable image database of real congestion patterns. It explains the different characteristic types of traffic jams, the influencing factors for a traffic breakdown and if there is such a thing as a phantom traffic jam.




German book: Verkehrsdynamik – Daten, Modelle und Anwendungen der Verkehrsflussdynamik